Please help me maintain the integrity of this site by emailing me if you encounter dead links or other errors. Your assistance is much appreciated. Thank you. firstname.lastname@example.org
First of two battles to open the Tennessee River to Union transportation of men and supplies.
For information on Grant's progressively higher ranks as he achieved victory after victory, see the link below on his ranks and promotions.
How many soldiers make up a Company, a Regiment, a Brigade, a Division and a Corps? How did Grant serve at each level? See the Union Army Organization link below.
The military attire of Grant during the Civil War tells you something about his rank.
1861 June Colonel 21st Illinois volunteers. Eagle on his shoulder. Buttons in groups of 2.? Not sure.
Single Star on his shoulders, August, 1861, Brigadier General of Volunteer Soldiers. Buttons in groups of 2.
Two Stars on his shoulders, February, 1862, Major General of Volunteer Soldiers. Buttons in groups of 3.
Two Stars on his shoulders, Post-Vicksburg Victory, Major General, Regular Army. Buttons in groups of 3.
Three Stars on his shoulders, March 9, 1863, Lieutenant General all Union Armies. Buttons in groups of 3.
Four Stars on his shoulders, July, 1866, General of all the Armies. Buttons in groups of 4.
Article from Civil War Times (undated) on the American Battlefield Trust website. Grant at Ft. Donelson and how he came to be called "Unconditional Surrender Grant."
Battle of Shiloh from the American Battlefield Trust
Many resources. Click on the blue right pointing arrow that says Visit the Battlefield for a great video with animated maps.
Battle of Shiloh from the Essential Civil War Curriculum by Timothy B. Smith, leading tour guide at Shiloh National Military Park.
Grant at Cherry mansion, Savannah, Tennessee, a dwelling that served as his headquarters before the Battle of Shiloh.
Testimony as to Grant's sobriety on opening day of the Battle of Shiloh by Mrs. W. H. Cherry, mistress of Cherry mansion. From the magazine Confederate Veteran, its first issue, February 1893.
The South suffered a major loss in this battle with the death of Confederate General Albert Sydney Johnston. Johnston was the highest-ranking casualty of the war on either side and his death was a strong blow to the morale of the Confederacy.
The thrust of this website is the siege, May 18-July 4, 1863, but there is information on the other battles as well. See the dropdown box on the right side of the screen, below the illustration that says More Battles in this Campaign. See the blue arrow box that says Visit the Battlefield, for an animated map and of the siege.
Vicksburg During the Siege
Besides military information, scroll down to find much description of the suffering and privations of the Vicksburg citizens during the siege.
A Boy's Experience at Vicksburg, by Frederick Dent Grant.