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Citation Help for APA, 7th Edition: Apps

Help with common issues and questions with APA 7th edition

Variation - No Date?

No Date of Publication?


Fellows, S. (n.d.). Seeing the moon rise. Paulson.


For sources where the publication date is unknown or cannot be determined, use the abbreviation "n.d." which stands for no date. Use small letters and place a period after each letter. There should be no space between the letters.

More Information

For more information about sources with no date, see Section 9.17 on page 291 of the APA Manual, 7th edition.

Variation - Group Author?


American Psychological Association. (2019). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).


Group authors include the name of a study group, government agency, association, corporation, task force, hospital, organization, etc. Put the name of the group author in the author position followed by a period. Do not include an abbreviation for the group author within the reference. Abbreviations should only be introduced and used within the body of the paper.

Parenthetical Citation

(American Psychological Association, 2019)

Narrative Citation

American Psychological Association (2019) ....

More information

For more information about group authors, see Section 9.11 on pages 288-289 of the APA Manual, 7th edition.

Mobile Apps



Lexicomp. (2019). Lexicomp (Version 5.02) [Mobile app]. Google Play Store. 




Author or Creator: Lexicomp. 

Begin the reference with the creator of the app. For a personal name, list the last name of the creator, followed by the first and middle initial (if there is one provided). For group authors or companies, list the group author or company name. Do not abbreviate group authors or the company name in the reference list. Add a period after the author.  


Date: (2019).

Next, add the date. The date should be the date of the last update of the app. Put the date in parentheses. Then, add a period after the parentheses. 


Title & Subtitle of the Mobile App: Lexicomp (Version 5.02) [Mobile app].

Next, add the title of the app. Follow the general capitalization rule by capitalizing the first word of the title and subtitle as well as any proper nouns. Italicize the title. After the title, put the version of the app in parentheses using "Version" before the version number. Then, add "Mobile app" and place within brackets. Add a period after the brackets. Do not add a period after the title of the app or the version of the app. 


Source Information: Google Play Store.

Complete the reference by identifying the App store where the mobile app was found. Add a period after the app store. Then, add the web address (URL) where the app can be found. Remove the hyperlink. Do not add a period after the URL. NOTE: check the instructor's preference about live hyperlinks. In general, if the assignment is an online resource (e.g., Brightspace discussion, webpage, etc.), then keep live hyperlinks. If the assignment is a paper, then remove the hyperlinks.


More Information:

For more information about Mobile Apps, see page 340 of the APA Manual, 7th edition. 


Parenthetical & Narrative Citation Examples


Parenthetical Citation:

(Lexicomp, 2019)

Narrative Citation:

Lexicomp (2019) is used ..... 


More Information: 

For more information about authors in parenthetical and narrative citations, see Section 8.17 and Table 8.1 on page 266 of the APA Manual, 7th edition.