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Citation Help for MLA, 9th Edition: Web Page

Month Abbreviations

According to p. 295 of the MLA Handbook 9th ed. Spell out months in the body of your paper and abbreviate as follows in your works cited list:

January = Jan.
February = Feb.
March = Mar.
April = Apr.
May = May
June = June
July = July
August = Aug.
September = Sept.
October = Oct.
November = Nov.
December = Dec.

No author?

Example with an author:
Lustig, T. Gutenberg: First modern inkmaker? The inventor of movable type probably also created the first workable printing ink. Spiral, 2022.

If this article did not have an author it would be cited as:
Gutenberg: First Modern Inkmaker? The Inventor of Movable Type Probably Also Created the First Workable Printing Ink. Spiral, 2022.

Start with the name of the article, book, or web page if no author is given.


The Library of Congress. "American Notes: Travels in America, 1750-1920." American Memory, 3 Dec.



Author of the site: The Library of Congress.
List whoever is responsible for the site and end with a comma. If it is a personal name, last name first, then first and middle names. Start with the name of the web site if no clear author is given. End with a period.

Title of the Webpage: "American Notes: Travels in America, 1750-1920."
This page is a smaller unit of information (i.e. article) featured on a larger, or main page. Therefore it is presented in quotes. If you are citing a main page, skip this section. End with a period.

Title and subtitle of the overall Website: American Memory,
Italicize and end with a comma.

Date of electronic publication, of the latest update, or of posting: 3 Dec. 2023,
Use appropriate abbreviation for month. End with a comma.

Address of the webpage or website:
List the address for the webpage or website and the citation with a period.