Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Citation Help for MLA, 9th Edition: Reference Formats

Reference Formats

Please use the pull-down menu on the "Reference Formats" tab to see examples and explanations for a variety of resources.

There is also a page titled "Variations" including some ways to deal with frequent questions; however, please consult the MLA Handbook 9th edition  for more complex resources or ones that do not follow the standard pattern. Copies of this manual are available on reserve at the Library or else you can purchase copies at a bookstore near you.

Disclaimer: The Librarians make no claims to be experts in MLA style. However, we are frequently asked questions about how to do it. If you disagree with our interpretations of the style manual, or if we are flat-out wrong, please email the Library.