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Citation Help for MLA, 9th Edition: Personal Communication

Interview Example

In-person:

Olsen, Mary. Interview. Conducted by Shawn Silver, 15 Mar. 2022.

Over the telephone:

Olsen, Mary. Telephone interview with the author, 15 Mar. 2022.

Interview Explanation

Author: Olsen, Mary.
Provide the last name and first name of the person you interviewed, followed by a period.

Interview: Interview.
Give the word Interview and end with a period.

Conducted by: Shawn Silver,
Give the words Conducted by and then who did the interview with first name and then last name followed by a comma.

If you conducted the interview, then give the words Conducted by the author, 

If the interview was over the telephone, give the words Telephone interview.

Date: 15 Mar. 2022.
List the date of the interview using the appropriate abbreviation for the month. End citation with a period.

Email Example

Olsen, Mary. E-mail to Shawn Silver. 15 Mar. 2022. 

Olsen, Mary. Text message to the author. 15 Mar. 2022.

Email Explanation

Author: Olsen, Mary.
Provide the last name and first names of the author of the email or text message, followed by a period.

E-mail or Text: E-mail to Shawn Silver.
Give the words E-mail to or Text message to and then the first and last name of the person who received the e-mail or text message followed by a period.

If you received the e-mail, then give the words E-mail to or Text message to the author. 

Date: 15 Mar. 2022.
The date of the e-mail or text message using the appropriate abbreviation for the month. End citation with a period
.

Month Abbreviations

According to p. 295 of the MLA Handbook 9th ed. Spell out months in the body of your paper and abbreviate as follows in your works cited list:

January = Jan.
February = Feb.
March = Mar.
April = Apr.
May = May
June = June
July = July
August = Aug.
September = Sept.
October = Oct.
November = Nov.
December = Dec.