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Citation Help for MLA, 8th Edition: Variations

An introduction to MLA Style.

Multiple Authors?

McGill, Ivan, John Kurt Glenn, and Alice 
Brockbank. The Action Learning Handbook: Powerful Techniques for Education. Rutledge Falmer, 2014.

List the first author last name first followed by the first and middle names followed by a comma. All other authors are listed first name followed by the last name. Insert the word "and" and a comma before the last author.

Note: If there are more than three authors, just list the first one followed by et al., which is Latin for and others. There is a period after al but not et. Example: Nelson, Karl, et al. Fish Is for Everyone. Penguin Press, 2016. 

No author?

Example with an author:
Lustig, T. Gutenberg: First modern inkmaker? The inventor of movable type probably also created the first workable printing ink. Spiral, 2015.

If this article did not have an author it would be cited as:
Gutenberg: First Modern Inkmaker? The Inventor of Movable Type Probably Also Created the First Workable Printing Ink. Spiral, 2015.

Start with the name of the article, book, or web page if no author is given.

Secondary Source?

Question: How do I cite an article which is cited in the article I am using?
Answer: There is no mention on how to do this in the 8th edition, so according to p. 226 of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed. -

"Whenever you can, take material from the original source, not a secondhand one. Sometimes, however, only an indirect source is available -- for example, someone's published account of another's spoken remarks. If what you quote or paraphrase is itself a quotation, put the abbreviation qtd. in ("quoted in") before the indirect source you cite in your parenthetical reference. (You may document the original source in a note; see 5.5.1)

Samuel Johnson admitted that Edmund Burke was an "extraordinary man" (qtd. in Boswell 2: 450).

Works Cited
Boswell, James. The Life of Johnson. Ed. George Birkbeck Hill and L. F. Powell.

     6 vols. Oxford: Claredon, 1934-1950. Print.

Month Abbreviations

According to p. 95 of the MLA Handbook 8th ed. Spell out months in the body of your paper and abbreviate as follows in your works cited list:

January = Jan.
February = Feb.
March = Mar.
April = Apr.
May = May
June = June
July = July
August = Aug.
September = Sept.
October = Oct.
November = Nov.
December = Dec.


Gibbs, Janet Trist. Children of Color: Psychological Interventions With Minority Youth. Edited by John C. Cowl, Jossey-Bass, 2015.

Place the words Edited by before the editor's name. Put a comma after the editor's name.


Smith, Susan. Clinical Skills: Basic to Advanced Skills. 7th ed., Pearson Prentice Hall, 2015.

Place the edition number after the book title. Follow by ed.,