Male Mourning Warbler near Lot 15. June 20, 2020. Photo by Brad Snelling.
Welcome to A Catalog of Birds at the College of St. Scholastica: an ongoing, interdisciplinary project initiated by the CSS Library which focuses on bird species found on our Duluth campus. The heart of this project is a species list which was developed by faculty emerita Sr. Donna Schroeder and her students from 1978 until 1996. With her permission, we have updated this list with species which have been found on campus since 2005, including birds seen on library-sponsored campus walks with local ornithologists Laura Erickson and Kim Eckert. Our current focus for this project is to develop a digital collection of photographs and sound recordings of birds as they are seen and heard on our campus. We also hope to highlight interdisciplinary work in science, art and music.
We are very honored to share an inaugural essay for our Catalog of Birds which has been written by ornithologist Laura Erickson. Laura is the author of 13 books about birds including The American Birding Association Field Guide to Minnesota Birds, the National Geographic Pocket Guide to North American Birds, and the forthcoming The Love Lives of Birds: Courting and Mating Rituals. In 2014, Laura was the recipient of the Roger Tory Peterson Award, the highest honor bestowed by the American Birding Association. Her program, "For the Birds," which first aired in 1986, is the longest running radio show about birds in the United States.
Common Raven by T. White. Please do not use without permission.
At the heart of our project is a campus species list which was started by faculty emerita Sr. Donna Schroeder through a tutorial program with students in 1978, The list was further developed through collaborative work with students in Sr. Donna's formal course on Bird Identification (BIO 104) during the 1980s and 1990s. With her permission, we have updated the list with select sightings from 2005 to 2018, including species which were identified on campus walks led by ornithologists Laura Erickson and Kim Eckert. In 2019, we resumed keeping an annual list as part of this record.
View the campus species list.
Field guides to birds typically include a mnemonic which can be used to identify and learn the songs of individual species. The song of the Common Yellowthroat (pictured above near his nest by the community garden), is often described in modern guides with the mnemonic "witchety, witchety, witchety!" Many older guides, such as Ferdinand Schuyler Matthews' Field Book of Wild Birds and Their Music (1909), describe the song as "witchery, witchery, witchery!" Mathews also suggests the possibility of "Witch-way-sir, Witch-way-sir, Witch-way-sir." Our favorite interpretation of the song comes in a 1837 journal entry from Ralph Waldo Emerson who describes a Yellowthroat which "pipes to me all day long" with the song: "Extacy, Extacy, Extacy!"
What do you think? Here's a recording of a Common Yellowthroat singing near Lot 15 last summer.
Sketch of George Bain's sketch of "an Eastern Relative of the Bird in Pictish Art (with interlacing necks and topknots) From earthenware pot, modern, Kandy, Ceylon. Berlin Ethnological Museum." Bain, George. Celtic Art: The Methods of Construction. New York: Dover, 1973. p. 105.
Image by T. White. Please do not use without permission.
Over the years, the library has collected extensively in the area of ornithology. Below are a few highlights from the collection including Sr. Donna's dissertation on the song of the Tufted Titmouse.
Maurice Ravel described his Oiseaux Tristes (translated "Sad Birds") as "birds lost in the torpor of a very dark forest during the hottest hours of summer." The work is heard here in a performance by our talented colleague, Dr. Nicholas Susi, an Assistant Professor of Music at CSS.
Photo of Red-bellied Woodpecker courtesy of Laura Erickson.
Last spring, we had our first record of a Red-bellied Woodpecker which was seen and heard in the Gethsemane Cemetery on June 2, 2019. In this brief recording, you can hear the woodpecker's shrill call along with the tolling of the chapel bell. The species has been seen and heard on campus several times since.
Recording of Red-bellied Woodpecker, Gethsemane Cemetery, June 2, 2019.
We've named our project in honor of the French composer Olivier Messiaen and his Catalogue d'oiseaux (1956-68), a compilation of 13 piano pieces inspired by birdsong. (Of course, the term "catalog" seems appropriate in itself since catalogs and cataloging are essential to our work as librarians.)